Glossary

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European Central Bank
E

Understanding the European Central Bank (ECB)

The European Central Bank (ECB) is an independent institution responsible for maintaining price stability and managing the monetary policy of the Eurozone, which consists of 19 European Union (EU) member states that have adopted the euro as their currency

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Schengen Area
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Understanding the Schengen Area

The Schengen Area is a zone in Europe that consists of 26 European countries, where the free movement of people is permitted without the need for passport controls at internal borders

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Council of the European Union
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Understanding the Council of the European Union

The Council of the European Union, often referred to as the Council, is one of the EU’s primary decision-making bodies. It represents the member states’ governments and is responsible for adopting EU laws, coordinating policies, and ensuring the smooth functioning of the EU

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European Commission
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Understanding the European Commission

The European Commission is one of the key institutions of the EU, responsible for proposing and implementing legislation, enforcing EU treaties, and managing the day-to-day affairs of the Union

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Governing Council
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Understanding the Governing Council

Governing councils are typically associated with central banks or other regulatory bodies. These councils consist of a group of individuals who are experts in economics, finance, and monetary policy

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European Parliament
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Understanding the European Parliament

The European Parliament is one of the main institutions of the European Union (EU). Comprised of elected representatives from EU member states, the European Parliament serves as a forum for democratic decision-making at the EU leve

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Eurogroup
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Understanding the Eurogroup

The Eurogroup consists of finance ministers from the member countries of the Eurozone, which encompasses 19 European Union (EU) member states that have adopted the euro currency

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European Union (EU)
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Understanding the European Union (EU)

The European Union (EU) is an institutional framework that facilitates cooperation and coordination among its member countries. It was established with the signing of the Maastricht Treaty in 1992, although its roots can be traced back to the aftermath of World War II

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