Introduction to Cyprus Pounds (CYP)

What are Cyprus Pounds?

Cyprus Pounds (CYP) refer to the former national currency of the Republic of Cyprus. They were in circulation before the country adopted the Euro as its official currency. The Cyprus Pound, also known as the Cypriot Pound, played a significant role in the economy of Cyprus.

Historical Context of Cyprus Pounds

The history of Cyprus Pounds dates back to the pre-Euro era when Cyprus had its own independent monetary system. The currency was introduced in 1879, replacing the Ottoman piastre. Initially, the Cyprus Pound was pegged to the British Pound Sterling at a fixed exchange rate. This pegging to the British Pound continued for many years, reflecting the historical ties between Cyprus and the United Kingdom.

The Cyprus Pound was widely used for everyday transactions and served as the legal tender of the country. It played a vital role in facilitating trade and commerce within Cyprus and with other nations. However, with the increasing integration of European economies and the desire for a unified currency, Cyprus eventually transitioned to the Euro.

Understanding the history and significance of Cyprus Pounds provides valuable insight into the country’s economic development and its transition to the Euro. To explore the complete history of Cyprus currency and its adoption of the Euro, let’s move on to the next section: “Brief History of Cyprus Currency.”

Brief History of Cyprus Currency

To understand the history of Cyprus currency, it is important to explore the pre-Euro era and the adoption of the Euro.

Pre-Euro Era

Prior to the adoption of the Euro, the official currency of Cyprus was the Cyprus Pound (CYP). The Cyprus Pound was introduced in 1879, replacing the Turkish currency that was previously in circulation on the island. The Cyprus Pound was subdivided into 100 cents.

Throughout its existence, the Cyprus Pound went through various changes in design and denominations. The first series of banknotes featured prominent figures from Cypriot history, while the later series incorporated images of Cypriot landmarks, flora, and fauna. Coins were also issued in different denominations, ranging from 1 cent to 1 pound.

Adoption of the Euro

As part of the European Union (EU), Cyprus made the decision to adopt the Euro as its official currency. On January 1, 2008, the Euro was introduced in Cyprus, replacing the Cyprus Pound. This transition was a significant step for Cyprus, aligning it with other European countries and facilitating easier trade and economic integration.

The exchange and conversion process from Cyprus Pounds to Euros took place over a specific period. During this period, both currencies were in circulation, allowing individuals and businesses to adjust to the new currency. Banks and exchange offices facilitated the exchange of Cyprus Pounds to Euros, ensuring a smooth transition for the population.

Since the adoption of the Euro, the Cyprus Pound is no longer considered legal tender. However, it still holds a certain collectors’ value and memorabilia for those interested in numismatics and the history of currencies.

Understanding the brief history of Cyprus currency provides insight into the transition from the Cyprus Pound to the Euro and the impact it had on the financial landscape of the country.

Characteristics of Cyprus Pounds

As we delve into understanding Cyprus Pounds (CYP), it’s essential to explore the characteristics that defined this currency. From denominations and coins to design and features, these aspects provide insight into the unique nature of Cyprus Pounds.

Denominations and Coins

Cyprus Pounds were available in various denominations, catering to different monetary needs. The denominations included banknotes in the following values:

Denomination Value
£1 1
£5 5
£10 10
£20 20
£50 50

Additionally, coins were also in circulation, with the following denominations:

Denomination Value
1 mil 0.001
5 mils 0.005
10 mils 0.01
20 mils 0.02
50 mils 0.05
100 mils 0.10
250 mils 0.25

These denominations allowed for smooth transactions within the Cyprus Pound monetary system.

Design and Features

The design of Cyprus Pounds showcased various elements that represented the cultural heritage and historical significance of Cyprus. The banknotes featured notable figures, landmarks, and symbols that held significance to the island nation.

The design elements included:

  • Prominent figures from the country’s history and culture, such as Archbishop Makarios III and Kyprianos, among others.
  • Iconic landmarks, including the Kyrenia Castle and the Paphos mosaics.
  • Cultural symbols, such as the Cypriot mouflon, a native species of wild sheep unique to Cyprus.

These design elements not only added aesthetic value but also served as a representation of Cyprus’s rich heritage.

Understanding the characteristics of Cyprus Pounds provides valuable insights into the currency’s history and significance within the financial landscape. While Cyprus Pounds are no longer in circulation following the adoption of the Euro, they hold historical and collectors’ value. To explore the current status of Cyprus Pounds and their legal tender status, continue reading in the next section.

Conversion to Euro

Euro Introduction in Cyprus

The introduction of the Euro in Cyprus marked a significant change in the country’s currency landscape. Prior to adopting the Euro, Cyprus used the Cyprus Pound (CYP) as its national currency. The decision to join the Eurozone was part of Cyprus’ commitment to align itself with the European Union (EU) and promote economic integration.

On January 1, 2008, Cyprus officially adopted the Euro as its currency, replacing the Cyprus Pound. This transition to the Euro brought several benefits, including simplified cross-border transactions, reduced currency exchange costs, and increased economic stability within the Eurozone.

Exchange and Conversion Process

During the transition period from the Cyprus Pound to the Euro, a seamless exchange and conversion process was put in place to facilitate the switch for both residents and businesses.

  1. Exchange Period: The Central Bank of Cyprus established a specific period during which Cyprus Pounds could be exchanged for Euros. This period typically lasts several months to ensure ample time for individuals to convert their holdings.
  2. Exchange Locations: Banks and other authorized financial institutions served as exchange points where individuals could convert their Cyprus Pound banknotes and coins into Euros. These institutions facilitated the conversion process and ensured the smooth transition from the Cyprus Pound to the Euro.
  3. Conversion Rates: The conversion rate between the Cyprus Pound and the Euro was fixed. The exact rate was determined by the European Central Bank (ECB) in consultation with the Central Bank of Cyprus. This fixed rate ensured a fair and consistent exchange for individuals exchanging their Cyprus Pounds.
  4. Dual Pricing: To help individuals adjust to the new currency, dual pricing was utilized during the transition period. This involved displaying prices in both Cyprus Pounds and Euros, allowing people to familiarize themselves with the new currency and understand the value of goods and services in the Euro denomination.

It’s important to note that the exchange period for converting Cyprus Pounds to Euros has typically expired. As such, the Cyprus Pound is no longer considered legal tender. However, collectors and enthusiasts may still find value in Cyprus Pound banknotes and coins as historical memorabilia.

Understanding the process of conversion from the Cyprus Pound to the Euro provides insight into the historical context and financial transformation of Cyprus. The legacy of the Cyprus Pound lives on as a part of Cyprus’ currency history, while the Euro continues to serve as the country’s national currency.

Current Status of Cyprus Pounds

Legal Tender Status

Since the adoption of the euro as the official currency of Cyprus, the Cyprus pound (CYP) is no longer considered legal tender. The euro was introduced in Cyprus on January 1, 2008, replacing the Cyprus pound as the primary means of exchange. This means that Cyprus pounds cannot be used for day-to-day transactions within Cyprus, and businesses are required to accept only euros as payment.

However, it’s important to note that Cyprus pounds may still hold value for collectors or as memorabilia. Some individuals may be interested in acquiring Cyprus pound banknotes or coins as part of their collection. The historical significance of the currency and its unique design features contribute to their appeal among collectors.

Collectors’ Value and Memorabilia

Cyprus pound banknotes and coins have become collectible items due to their rarity and historical value. They serve as a reminder of Cyprus’s pre-euro era and hold sentimental value for those who remember using them as a form of currency. Collectors and enthusiasts can find Cyprus pound banknotes and coins through various channels, including online auctions, numismatic shops, and specialized currency exchangers.

The value of Cyprus pounds as collectibles can vary based on factors such as the condition, rarity, and demand for specific denominations or series. Some banknotes or coins may command higher prices due to their unique features, limited production, or historical significance. It’s advisable for collectors to verify the authenticity and condition of the currency before making a purchase or engaging in trading.

For individuals interested in collecting Cyprus pound memorabilia or learning more about the currency, it’s essential to refer to reputable sources, engage with knowledgeable collectors, and explore numismatic communities. These resources can provide valuable insights into the historical context, design elements, and market value of Cyprus pound banknotes and coins.

While Cyprus pounds may no longer circulate as legal tender, their legacy lives on as a tangible piece of Cyprus’s monetary history. Collectors and enthusiasts continue to appreciate their unique charm and value, preserving them as a testament to the country’s economic and cultural heritage.


The legacy of Cyprus Pounds (CYP) in the forex market is a testament to the country’s unique history and its transition to the Euro. While the Cyprus Pound is no longer in circulation, its impact on the forex market can still be felt.

The Cyprus Pound, with its currency code CYP, played a significant role in the forex market during its time. It was traded against major currencies like the Euro, British Pound, and US Dollar. Forex traders who dealt with the Cyprus Pound had to closely monitor its exchange rates and fluctuations in order to make informed trading decisions.

With the adoption of the Euro in 2008, the Cyprus Pound was phased out and replaced by the Euro as the official currency of Cyprus. This transition brought stability and facilitated easier trade and transactions within the European Union. Forex traders adjusted their strategies to align with the new currency, focusing on trading pairs involving the Euro.

Although the Cyprus Pound is no longer a legal tender, it still holds value for collectors and enthusiasts. Rare Cyprus Pound banknotes and coins are sought after by numismatists and collectors worldwide. These artifacts serve as a reminder of Cyprus’ unique monetary history and can be considered valuable pieces of memorabilia.

As forex traders continue to navigate the ever-changing landscape of the foreign exchange market, it’s important to be aware of the different currencies that have shaped its history. Understanding the legacy of currencies like the Cyprus Pound provides valuable insights into the interplay of economic, political, and cultural factors that influence the forex market.

To explore other currencies and expand your knowledge of the forex market, check out our glossary articles on various currencies, such as the Chinese Yuan (CNY), Colombian Peso (COP), or Comoros Francs (KMF).

Remember, staying informed about different currencies and their historical significance helps to enhance your understanding of the forex market and make more informed trading decisions.

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